What is Endometriosis?
Endometriosis is a painful reproductive disorder in female in which tissues which grow normally in uterus grow outside of the uterus in other parts of the body. It causes heavy and painful periods, severe cramps and pelvic pain. Let’s check best treatment for endometriosis. It is also a leading cause of lost productivity. Endometriosis may also cause fibroids, interstitial cystitis, certain cancers, adenomyosis etc.
Endometriosis usually develops in pelvic structures which include ovaries, fallopian tubes, intestine and bladder. It is very common that endometriosis develop in the peritoneal cavity between the rectum and the posterior wall of the uterus and on top of vagina.
In the rare cases, endometriosis may spread to the diaphragm, appendix, kidney and the gastrocnemius. Based on extent of the outgrowth, it can be classified into Minimal, Mild, Moderate and Severe endometriosis. Most of the cases are mild or minimal and may not require much treatment. Moderate and severe endometriosis may develop cyst and severe scarring. It may also cause infertility.
Symptoms of Endometriosis and Diagnosis
Sometimes endometriosis does not show any symptoms. Some of the symptoms may be intense abdominal cramps or pain during menstrual, heavy bleeding during periods, painful bowel movements, painful urination, painful sex, infertility etc.
You may also suffer from diarrhea, fatigue, constipation, nausea during menstrual periods.
Endometriosis can be diagnosis through ultrasound examination, MRI, pelvic exam, laparoscopy, biopsy etc.
Best Treatment of Endometriosis
Let’s check what is the Best Treatment for Endometriosis. Currently there is no cure available for endometriosis. Its symptoms can be managed through surgery or medication. What treatment is to be given is decided based on several factors such as your age, how severe the symptoms are and its impact.
All treatments may not work equally well for all. The symptoms may also return after the treatment is stopped. Here are the different treatments that are given for endometriosis.
Pain relieving medication such as ibuprofen, naproxen is given to manage pain. If it doesn’t work, you need to consult your doctor.
Hormone therapy for specific time period is given which controls release of estrogen is prescribed by your doctor. It help reduces inflammation, cyst formation and lesions bleed less. Common hormones prescribed are birth control pills, progestin-only contraceptives, and gonadotropin – releasing hormone.
Endometriosis is removed through surgery if it becomes necessary. It increases chances of pregnancy. Surgery can be performed laparoscopically or through invasive abdominal procedure.
In the cases of severe endometriosis, hysterectomy is adapted to remove the ovaries, uterus, and cervix if no other alternative is left. It is considered as the last option for endometriosis.
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